Hank Williams, Jr.的精选专辑
Hank Williams, Jr.的个人档案
从六十年代到今年，Hank Williams Jr，这位Hank Williams的后代为乡村榜上增添了无数首冠军单曲，不过再多的音乐对于不是那个年代的人来说也只是蜻蜓点水，重要的是能够知道Hank Williams Jr的音乐是如何的。
by Stephen Thomas Erlewine
The offspring of famous musicians often have a hard time creating a career for themselves, yet Hank Williams, Jr. is one of the few to develop a career that is not only successful, but markedly different from his legendary father. Originally, Hank Jr. simply copied and played his fathers music, but as he grew older, he began to carve out his own niche and it was one that owed as much to country-rock as it did to honky tonk. In the late 70s, he retooled his image to appeal both to outlaw country fans and rowdy Southern rockers, and his makeover worked, resulting in a string of Top Ten singles — including the number one hits Texas Women, Dixie on My Mind, All My Rowdy Friends (Have Settled Down), Honky Tonkin, and Born to Boogie — that ran into the late 80s. Hank Jr. never was above capitalizing on his fathers name, yet his tributes and name-dropping often seemed affectionate, not crass. Also, Bocephus — as his father nicknamed him when he was a child — was a passionate cheerleader for patriotic American values; he even wrote a pro-Gulf War song during 1991. All of these actions helped make him an American superstar during the 80s, becoming one of the most recognizable popular culture figures of the era. As new country took over the airwaves in the 90s, Williams slowly disappeared from the charts and his concerts stopped selling as well as they did ten years earlier, yet he retained a devoted core audience throughout the decade.
The son of Hank and Audrey Williams, Hank Jr. was born in Shreveport, LA, in 1949. Less than four years later, his father died, leaving behind a huge legacy. When Hank Jr. was eight years old, Audrey decided to push her son into the spotlight, positioning him as the rightful heir to his fathers legacy. Dressed in a white Nudie suit, he would sing Hank Sr.s biggest hits on package tours, and by the time he was 11, he had made his first appearance on the Grand Ole Opry. After a few years of touring, Hank Jr.s voice broke in 1963. As soon as his voice changed, Audrey had her son sign a contract with MGM Records. Hank Jr. recorded his fathers Long Gone Lonesome Blues as his debut single, and the record was a hit upon its early 1964 release, climbing to number five. Later that year, he sang all the material for the Hank Williams, Sr. bio pic Your Cheatin Heart and starred in the film A Time to Sing. Though he immediately had a hit, he wasnt able to follow it up with another Top Ten hit until 1966, when his self-penned Standing in the Shadows reached number five. By that time, he had begun to grow tired of his reputation as a Hank Williams imitator and was trying to create his own style, as Standing in the Shadows proved. Following that single, he began to explore rock & roll somewhat, occasionally performing under the name Rockin Randall.
Despite his half-hearted rock & roll attempts, Williams continued to concentrate on country music, turning out a string of hit singles, including the number one All for the Love of Sunshine and a number of inspirational cuts released under the name Luke the Drifter Jr., a reference to his fathers alter ego. Though his career was doing well, Hank Jr. began falling into drug and alcohol abuse after he turned 18 years old. His personal life became progressively more complicated, culminating in a suicide attempt in 1974. Following the attempt, Williams moved to Alabama, where he not only got his life together, but he changed his musical direction as well. Hooking up with Southern rockers like Charlie Daniels, Marshall Tucker, and Toy Caldwell, he recorded Hank Williams, Jr. & Friends, which fused hardcore country with rock & roll. Though he wasnt scoring as many hits as he had in the early 70s, his music was becoming more original and focused.
Just as his career was being revived, tragedy beset Williams. While he was climbing a mountain in Montana in 1975, he fell 442 feet down the side of the mountain. His injuries were serious — his skull was split and his face was crushed — but he survived. Following extensive reconstructive cosmetic surgery, he had to relearn how to speak and sing. Williams recovery period lasted a full two years. When he re-emerged in 1977, he aligned himself the outlaw country movement, as Waylon Jennings produced Hank Jr.s comeback effort, The New South. It took several years before Williams began to have hits again — his biggest hit in the late 70s was a cover of Bobby Fullers I Fought the Law, which reached number 15 — but in the final six months of 1979, he had two Top Ten singles, Family Tradition and Whiskey Bent and Hell Bound, which began a virtually uninterrupted streak of 29 Top Ten hits that ran into 1988.
Throughout the 80s, Hank Jr. was one of the most popular, and controversial, figures in country music. Following his image makeover, he appealed primarily to young and rowdy crowds with his hell-raising anthems and jingoistic ballads. Though he had established his own distinctive style, he continued to name check and pay tribute to his father, and these salutes became as much a part of his act as his redneck rockers. Both the wild music and the party-ready atmosphere of his concerts made Hank Jr. an immensely popular musician and helped him crossover into the rock & roll audience. Williams career really began to take off in 1981, when he had three number one hits — Texas Women, Dixie on My Mind, and All My Rowdy Friends (Have Settled Down) — and Rowdy began a streak of 15 gold or platinum albums that ran until 1990. During that time, he won several awards, including back-to-back Country Music Association Entertainer of the Year in 1987 and 1988.
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