[ti:I Have a Dream] [ar:Martin Luther King] [al:] [00:00.01]演讲:Martin Luther King [00:01.40]名称:I Have a Dream [00:01.50] [00:01.86]I am happy to join with you today [00:06.75]in what will go down in history as [00:12.58]the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation. [00:25.10] [00:25.83]Five score years ago, a great American, [00:32.20]in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, [00:38.85]signed the Emancipation Proclamation. [00:42.84]This momentous decree came as a great [00:48.69]beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves [00:53.27]who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. [01:08.11]It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity. [01:08.55] [01:10.48]But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. [01:19.59]One hundred years later, [01:23.60]the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled [01:28.83]by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. [01:34.52]One hundred years later, [01:38.68]the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of [01:44.82]a vast ocean of material prosperity. [01:48.79]One hundred years later, [01:54.30]the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society [02:00.82]and finds himself an exile in his own land. [02:05.90]And so we've come here today to dramatize a shameful condition. [02:12.71] [02:13.56]In a sense we've come to our nation's capital to cash a check. [02:18.87]When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words [02:25.11]of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, [02:30.80]they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. [02:38.55]This note was a promise that all men, yes, [02:45.07]black men as well as white men, [02:48.37]would be guaranteed the "unalienable Rights" of "Life, [02:51.71]Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." [02:57.13]It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, [03:04.10]insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. [03:07.96]Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, [03:14.98]America has given the Negro people a bad check, [03:19.76]a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds." [03:26.73] [03:35.82]But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. [03:43.81]We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds [03:51.07]in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so, [03:54.57]we've come to cash this check, [03:55.58]a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom [03:57.97]and the security of justice. [04:07.33] [04:10.07]We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of [04:15.78]the fierce urgency of Now. [04:20.10]This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off [04:26.17]or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. [04:36.01]Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. [04:42.81]Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation [04:49.53]to the sunlit path of racial justice. [04:52.73]Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands [05:03.58]of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. [05:05.07]Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God's children. [05:12.72] [05:14.13]It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. [05:20.00]This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent [05:24.66]will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. [05:33.46]Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. [05:38.98]And those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam [05:44.27]and will now be content will have a rude awakening [05:48.64]if the nation returns to business as usual. [06:06.57]And there will be neither rest nor tranquility in America [06:10.70]until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. [06:15.36]The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations [06:19.26]of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges. [06:25.64] [06:25.98]But there is something that I must say to my people, [06:29.27]who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice: [06:36.35]In the process of gaining our rightful place, [06:41.10]we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. [06:46.25]Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom [06:50.12]by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. [07:02.93]We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. [07:08.86]We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. [07:17.20]Again and again, [07:18.23]we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force. [07:25.07] [07:25.39]The marvelous new militancy [07:28.10]which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust [07:33.61]of all white people, for many of our white brothers, [07:39.91]as evidenced by their presence here today, [07:41.46]have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. [07:56.56]And they have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom. [07:59.65] [08:00.18]We cannot walk alone. [08:00.96] [08:01.44]And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead. [08:02.67] [08:12.24]We cannot turn back. [08:13.27] [08:15.45]There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, [08:19.69]"When will you be satisfied?" [08:22.67]We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the [08:26.53]victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. [08:31.92]We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, [08:37.27]heavy with the fatigue of travel, [08:40.45]cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways [08:43.70]and the hotels of the cities. [08:51.06] [08:52.26]We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi [08:56.45]cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. [09:09.16]No, no, we are not satisfied, [09:13.42]and we will not be satisfied until "justice rolls down like waters, [09:18.61]and righteousness like a mighty stream." [09:23.64] [09:28.67]I am not unmindful that some of you have come here [09:37.52]out of great trials and tribulations. [09:43.08]Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. [09:47.63]And some of you have come from areas where your quest -- [09:50.88]quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution [09:58.01]and staggered by the winds of police brutality. [10:03.63]You have been the veterans of creative suffering. [10:06.20]Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive. [10:15.51] [10:16.50]Go back to Mississippi, [10:17.90]go back to Alabama, [10:19.47]go back to South Carolina, [10:21.06]go back to Georgia, [10:22.48]go back to Louisiana, [10:23.93]go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, [10:29.21]knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. [10:34.47] [10:34.77]Let us not wallow in the valley of despair, I say to you today, my friends. [10:43.63] [10:51.64]And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, [10:58.70]I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. [11:06.92] [11:07.49]I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up [11:21.00]and live out the true meaning of its creed: [11:22.30]"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal." [11:34.84] [11:35.28]I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, [11:42.21]the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners [11:48.16]will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood. [11:52.02] [11:52.29]I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, [11:59.10]a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, [12:06.02]sweltering with the heat of oppression, [12:09.51]will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. [12:13.69] [12:14.01]I have a dream that my four little children will one day [12:22.63]live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin [12:26.63]but by the content of their character. [12:28.79] [12:29.11]I have a dream today! [12:38.85] [12:40.14]I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, [12:47.80]with its vicious racists, [12:50.26]with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of "interposition" [12:55.21]and "nullification" -- one day right there in Alabama little black boys [13:00.09]and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys [13:04.28]and white girls as sisters and brothers. [13:06.73] [13:07.16]I have a dream today! [13:15.76] [13:16.03]I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, [13:20.95]and every hill and mountain shall be made low, [13:23.69]the rough places will be made plain, [13:25.82]and the crooked places will be made straight; [13:28.25]"and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together."? [13:33.83]This is our hope, and this is the faith that I go back to the South with. [13:39.57] [13:39.82]With this faith, [13:41.65]we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. [13:47.04]With this faith, [13:48.94]we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a [13:53.61]beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, [13:58.27]we will be able to work together, [14:00.10]to pray together, [14:00.75]to struggle together, [14:02.30]to go to jail together, [14:04.16]to stand up for freedom together, [14:06.40]knowing that we will be free one day. [14:09.42] [14:11.10]And this will be the day [14:14.57]this will be the day when all of God's children [14:18.41]will be able to sing with new meaning: [14:20.78] [14:21.07]My country 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. [14:26.66] [14:27.21]Land where my fathers died, land of the Pilgrim's pride, [14:31.59] [14:31.91]From every mountainside, let freedom ring! [14:35.44] [14:35.87]And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true. [14:40.43] [14:40.65]And so let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. [14:46.10] [14:46.33]Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. [14:50.26] [14:50.57]Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania. [14:55.65] [14:55.92]Let freedom ring from the snow-cap